Training Courses

Practical T-12 Course

Course includes 4-5 meetings, each 3-hour long. Following the course, the participants need to pass a practical exam including theoretical questions. Participants who don’t have theoretical background will be given the appropriate guidance in order to make up the necessary knowledge.

For your convenience, a list of relevant course topics and a link to the most relevant books and online sources:

  1. High energy electrons as particles and radiation.
  2. Resolution – the Rayleigh criterion and its connection to the electrons energy.
  3. Electron beam – sample interactions
  4. TEM as an optical instrument – similarities to and differences from visible light microscope.
  5. TEM design:
    – Gun structure
    – Electron sources (LaB6 and FEG)
    – Lenses – design and function: condenser, microcondenser, objective, projection
    – Deflection coils
    – Apertures
    – Image formation
  6. Aberrations and their limitation of resolution
  7. Astigmatism
  8. Depth-of field and depth-of-focus
  9. Contrast mechanisms
  10. TEM vacuum system
  11. Diffraction
  12. Bright field and dark field imaging
  13. Cameras
  14. Low dose imaging
  15. Cryogenic electron microscopy – differences from the room temperature EM : TEM design, TEM specimen holder and work flow.

TEM course price

For TEM course registration please click here: TEM course registration

Practical SEM-course

  • The work on HR-SEM is very useful for those, engaged with nanometer-scale materials (in solids and liquids).
  • The course consists of 6 learning hours in a small group (Up to 4 participants), 3 hours of personal training and a final exam, which includes theoretical questions, after which the participant will be able to work independently.
  • Theoretical or practical microscopy background is an advantage, such as participation (in the past or in the coming semester) in EM course given by Prof. Talmon and Prof. Segal-Peretz (Chemical Engineering Department) and/or SEM course given by Prof. Wayne Kaplan (Materials Engineering Department).
  • Complementing training on the energy-dispersive x-ray (EDS) detector will be given upon demand.
  • Cryo-SEM training will be given separately for interested users.

HR-SEM course price

For course registration please click here: HR-SEM course registration

For EDS training registration please click here: EDS training registration

For now, requests for RBNI funding for the courses cannot be submitted.

For more details on the courses and their opening dates, please contact:

Dr. Olga Kleinerman (, phone: 073-3782845)